BackEnd Developer: Effective Backend Development Roadmap for 2023


               A Software Developer concerned with back end technologies is commonly known as Back End Developer. This article would focus on the best and most effective roadmap for one to become a back-end developer in 2023.

                In this article, one would be provided with a set of technologies for each task and would suggest one option as per the need of the general student to get ready for the job.

Effective Roadmap for Back End Development in 2023
Back End Development in 2023

Necessary Technologies and Tools for Back End:

1). Knowledge of Servers:

                A server is just a computer machine, same to a personal computer, it takes input and in response sends a set of files as per input. But what makes server different from ordinary Personal Computers? So, the features that make a computer a server are: 

(i). Handling a HTTP request accepts a HTTP request, and returns a set of files which includes HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. 

(ii). Continuously interacting with the database to provide web page life i.e. dynamic web pages. 

(iii). Remote availability on the internet and always online.

One must Know list:

* Manage hosting and database

* Handling traffic and scalability of the application

* Version Control, git.

e.g: Apache, Microsoft IIS, etc

2). Back End Programming Language:

                Programming Language is a medium by which a developer set instructions for the machine to achieve the goals of the Program. More important concepts for a back-end developer to learn the back-end development are: 

(i). OOP: Object Oriented Programming, a programming paradigm, in which the program lies in the concept objects and classes. 

(ii). Functional Programming: Functional Programming, is a programming architecture, in which the program lies in the concept of the mathematical ideas of functions.


            PHP – (Hypertext Preprocessor):

                PHP is a server-scripting programming language. Its programming paradigm includes i.e. Procedural and Object-Oriented Programming. Php is famous, and globally used as a back end web technology even in 2023. As per data, even in 2023, around 70% of websites run on PHP. Laravel is a PHP framework for back-end web development.


Python is an Object Oriented, procedural, high lever, and general-purpose programming language. It is a very popular, structured, interpreted, elegant, and robust programming language.

The reason behind the Python’s popularity is due to easier syntax, speedy programs, and wide applicational domain. It is widely used for cross-platform shell scripting and artificial intelligence. Django is a PHP framework for back-end web development.


Java is also a general purpose and strictly typed language. It is based on Object Oriented programming paradigm. Java programs are platform-independent because its code is first converted into bit code and then into machine language.

Aside from Java’s applications in Desktop and mobile development, it is widely used as a back-end technology in big multinational enterprises and is business-oriented server technology. Spring Boot is the framework of Java for server-side web development.


.NET is business-oriented server technology created by Microsoft in response to Oracle’s Java. It uses c# and VB as a programming languages. It is used for building robust Mobile, Desktop, Web, and Cloud applications. It follows Model View Controller – MVC architecture in making Web Applications.

Node JS:

Node JS is a framework of JavaScript. By putting chrome’s V8 engine in a C++ Program, it becomes possible to use JavaScript outside the browser. Node JS runs on Server to handle HTTP requests. The main benefit of Node JS is that by mastering one language’s syntax, a programmer can create both front ends as well as the back end of the web applications.

3). Knowledge of Database:

                Store the data of clients and letter serve it to clients makes the concept of dynamic websites into reality. A database is a tool to stack and retrieve the stored data on the server machine, in case of back-end development. 

                Databases can be categorized as SQL and NOSQL. SQL, Structured Query Language is a kind of language through which programs can interact with the stored data. While NOSQL as the name suggests, it does not use SQL queries.



                My SQL is the most famous DBMS in the world of web development.

                Mongo DB:

                Mongo DB is also very famous as it is very comfortable with the booming server technology,                 Node JS.


                Oracle wins the other DBMS in the case of security and cloud storage service.

4). Knowledge of APIs:

                An application Programmable Interface is a medium through which two systems can interact with each other. It allows a client machine to communicate with the server as well as with another machine for any specific service i.e. Maps, Transactions and online reservations/booking, etc. This communication is done through HTTP methods i.e. GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE.


                REST API:

                Representational API is more flexible to the HTTP request and responses. It uses JavaScript Object Notation (JSON), which is very fast, lightweight and easily understandable as compared to XML.

                SOAP API:

                SOAP is also famous API architecture, but it is more constrained and focused to the business model.

Effective Roadmap to learn a Back End Development in 2023:

Step-1:  Get Introduced to the concepts of programming:

                In this period, you should learn the pseudo-codes of programming concepts i.e. Loops, Functions Conditionals, etc.

                It would take around 10 – 15 days to get a basic understanding of programming concepts.

Step-2: Learn the basics of Python:

Python is special because its syntax is very similar to the English Language. Python is Full Fledged multipurpose programming language. The well-maintained documentation and a large community of Python are the reason behind the success of the new Python developers.

It would take around one and a half to two months to get a basic understanding of Python Coding.

Step-3:  Switch to OOP Programming (Python):

Python is multi-paradigm language, but the architecture of OOP makes security and maintainability to the next level. Python frameworks and libraries are based on the OOP paradigm. By mastering it, one developer can be able to work in data science, machine learning, and automation too.

It would take around one-month days to get an understanding of Python OOP.

Step-4: Get used to Databases:

                In this period of time, one must master the SQL and get used to DBMS Shell and User Interfaces.

It would take around 10 -15 days to get the basic get used to with Databases.

Step-5:  Get Introduced to server-side:

                In this section, one should learn about routing, web sockets, APIs, HTTP methods, etc.

It would take around 1 month to Get Introduced to the server side.

Step-6: Get in touch with Python-Framework (Django):

                Django is good for small as well as large back-end development projects. It promises security and encourages DRY – Don’t Repeat Yourself, reusability of code. Its code structures make code maintainability very easy.

                It would take around 2-3 months to get used to Django.


                To conclude the article, Effective Roadmap for Back end Development in 2023, it is clear from the introduction and the roadmap of back-end development that it is easier and worth it to enhance the abilities and skills in back-end technologies.

Post a Comment (0)
Previous Post Next Post